Thursday, January 23, 2020
Canadarm Although Canada has been involved with the space race since the beginning, nothing has made our national pride glow like watching the space shuttles and seeing the big letters CANADA written across the Canadarm. The Canadarm was fist launched into space on November 13, 1981 as part of Columbia. During that mission, the Canadarm successfully flexed its muscles and secured its position in the future of space travel. It was developed by Spar Aerospace with the National Research Council and modelled after the human arm. Otherwise known as a Remote Manipulator System, it could lift 30 tonnes in space while being monitored and operated from the indoor shuttle flight deck. The Canadarm is about to introduce its new and improved sibling. Back in 1987, when documents were signed between countries to work towards a permanently manned Space Station, Canada agreed to provide a Mobile Servicing System (MSS). The MSS will be an integral part of the Space Station from the beginning, it will be used in the assembly, maintenance and servicing of the Station. In return, Canadians will be able to have full use of the Station and will assist with its management. Canadian Astronaut Julie Payette will be operating the new arm on its first mission and explains how in the following excerpt from a NASA Preflight Interview: "This arm flies like an airplane, it's a six-dimension arm where you can rotate the tip of the arm, so you can translate that tip along the cargo bay of the shuttle and up the stack of the International Space Station. It is an absolute joy to fly. Right after the space walk is complete is when I am timelined in the flight to go on the controls of the Canadarm, as we call it in Canada, or the remote manipulator system. I will use the camera, which is mounted at the end of the tip of the arm, to survey all the targets that are placed on the Space Station, the space vision target. I survey them to see if they're in good shape, any problems with them, if they've been scratched, and if there are bubbles in the material. The reason why the people from the space vision system program require that very thorough survey of every single target on the Space Station is that each target will be used on the next flight to manipulate and dock pieces of equipment together.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
The issue of universalism of human rights vs. cultural relativism has been a focal point of heated debate for the last several decades. As globalization is bringing nations together, cultural differences and peculiarities become increasingly more salient. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nation in 1948, lists several categories of rights that the peoples of the world have agreed to accept and recognize. These rights include the right to life, liberty and security of person; the right to be free from slavery and servitude; the right not to be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or arbitrary arrest, detention or exile; the right to marriage with the free and full consent of the parties; the right to own property; the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religionm; and the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work (United Nations, 1948). These rights are universally recognized because they protect the dignity of an individual and the basic social institutions which are present in virtually every culture. However, their universality is still contested, as Ã¢â¬Å"human rights as laid out in the international covenants ignore the traditions, the religions, and the socio-cultural patterns of what used to be called the Third WorldÃ¢â¬ (Tharoor, 1998, para. 1). For example, in some African societies, Ã¢â¬Å"group rights have always taken precedence over individual rights, and political decisions have been made through group consensus, not through individual assertions of rightsÃ¢â¬ (Tharoor, 1998, para. 4). There are many instances when traditional practices conflict with universal human rights. For example, female genital mutilation, practiced by some African and Asian people for cultural and communal reasons, translates into irreversible lifelong health risks for females (UNICEF, 2008). The debate whether human rights are universal is perennial. It is important to recognize, however, that an effective framework for the protection of human rights can be developed only using a bottom-up approach, giving the broad support of a society where human rights are promoted. References Tharoor, Shashi. (1998). Are Human Rights Universal? World Policy Journal, 16(4). Retieved June 11, 2009, from http://www. worldpolicy. org/journal/tharoor. html UNICEF. (2008). Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. Retrieved June 11, 2009, from http://www. unicef. org/protection/index_genitalmutilation. html United Nations. (1948). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved June 11, 2009, from http://www. un. org/en/documents/udhr
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
It can be difficult for students to understand the relevance of the period we call The Progressive Era because society before this period was very different from the society and the conditions we know today. We often assume that certain things have always been around, like laws about child labor and fire safety standards. If you are researching this era for a project or research paper, you should begin by thinking about the way things were before government and society changed in America. Before the events of the Progressive Era occurred (1890-1920), American society was much different. The federal government had less of an impact on the lives of the citizen than we know today.Ã For example, there are laws that regulate the quality of food that is sold to American citizens, the wage that is paid to workers, and the work conditions that are endured by American workers. Before the Progressive Era food, living conditions, and employment was different. Children were employed in factoriesWages were low and unregulated (with no wage minimums)Factories were crammed and unsafeNo standards existed for food safetyNo safety net existed for citizens who couldnt find employmentHousing conditions were unregulatedThe environment was not protected by federal regulations The Progressive Movement refers to social and political movements that emerged in response to rapid industrialization from which caused societal ills.Ã As cities and factories emerged and grew, quality of life declined for many American citizens. Many people worked to change the unjust conditions that existed as a result of the industrial growth that took place during the late 19th century. These early progressives thought that education and government intervention could ease poverty and social injustice. Key People and Events of the Progressive Era In 1886, the American Federation of Labor is founded by Samuel Gompers. This was one of many unions that emerged toward the end of the nineteenth century in response to unfair labor practices like long hours, child labor, and dangerous working conditions. Photojournalist Jacob Riis exposes deplorable living conditions in the slums of New York in his book How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York.Ã Conservation of natural resources becomes a matter of public concern, as the Sierra Club was founded in 1892 by John Muir. Womens Suffrage gains steam when Carrie Chapman Catt becomes president of the National American Womens Suffrage Association.Ã Theodore Roosevelt becomes president in 1901 after the death of McKinley. Roosevelt was an advocate for trust busting, or the breaking up of powerful monopolies that crushed competitors and controlled prices and wages. The American Socialist Party was established in 1901.Ã Coal miners strike in Pennsylvania in 1902 to protest their terrible working conditions. In 1906, Upton Sinclair publishes The Jungle, which portrayed the deplorable conditions inside the meatpacking industry in Chicago. This led to the establishment of food and drug regulations. In 1911, a fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company, which occupied the eighth, ninth, and tenth floors of a building in New York. Most of the employees were young women aged sixteen to twenty-three, and many on the ninth floor perished because exits and fire escapes were locked and blocked by the company officials. The company was acquitted of any wrongdoing, but the outrage and sympathy from this event prompted legislation concerningÃ unsafe working conditions. President Woodrow Wilson signs the Keating-Owens Act in 1916, which made it illegal to ship goods across state lines if they were produced by child labor. In 1920, Congress passed the 19th Amendment, which gave women the right to vote. Research Topics for The Progressive EraÃ What was life like for children who worked in factories? How was this different from the work of children who lived on farms?How did views on immigration and race change during the Progressive Era? Did the legislation of this era effect all people, or were certain populations most affected?How do you suppose the trust busting legislation affected business owners? Consider exploring the events of the Progressive Era from the point of view of wealthy industrialists.How did living conditions change for people who moved from the country to the cities during this time period? How were people better off or worse off during the shift from country living to city living?Who were the major figures in the Womens Suffrage movement? How was life impacted for these women who came forward?Explore and compare life in a mill village and life in a coal camp.Why did the concern for environmental issues and natural resource preservation emerge at the same time as concern and awareness for social issues like poverty? How are these topics related?Writers and photojournalists were key figures in Progressive Era reforms. How does their role compare to changes that have taken place due to the emergence of social media?How has the power of the federal government changed since the Progressive Era? How have the powers of individual states changed? What about the power of the individual?How would you compare the changes in society during the Progressive Era to changes in society during and after the Civil War?What is meant by the term progressive? Were the changes that took place during this time period actually progressive? What does the term progressive mean in the current political climate?The Seventeenth Amendment, which allowed for the direct election of US Senators, was ratified in 1913 during the period known as the Progressive Era. How does this reflect the sentiments of this period?There were many setbacks to the Progressive Era movements and campaigns. Who and what created these setbacks, and what were the interests of the parties involved?Prohibition, the constitutional ban on the production and transportation of alcoholic beverages, also took place during the Progressive Era. How and why was alcohol the subject of concern during this period? What was the impact of Prohibition, good and bad, on society?What was the role of the Supreme Court during the Progressive Era?Ã Further Reading for The Progressive Era Prohibition and Progressive Reform The Fight for Womens Suffrage Muckrakers
Monday, December 30, 2019
Sex and Dominance in The Ghost Road Pat Barkers The Ghost Road is a masterful literary integration of sex and war. The novels protagonist, the lascivious, bisexual Billy Prior once remarks: Whole bloody western fronts a wankers paradise, a statement with far-reaching implications concerning aggression and eroticism (Barker 177). The novel concludes a successful trilogy, beginning with Regeneration (1991) and The Eye in the Door (1993). Winner of the prestigious Booker Prize Award in 1995, The Ghost Road delves into many standard Booker motifs, such as war, the British class system, memory, and childhood, but Barker revitalizes these worn subjects. With prostitutes, lecherous priests, and the naked body, sheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Unlike the crying child, Prior is duly subservient to the doctors orders. Doctor Mather infantilizes Prior, calling him laddie (Barker 11). His examination by the dominating doctor reminds Prior of his childhood, and of his early sexual liaisons with men. At this early point, Ba rker leaves the reader in the dark as to Priors history as a male prostitute. Clues to this history arise throughout the first half of the novel in flashes, as memories of childhood trauma. This opening scene incorporates a variety of dynamics. First, the squad of running soldiers entices Priors sexual appetite, as do the bodies of his own men later on at the baths. This outlines the sexual and military objectification of the male physique. Second, the domineering doctor anally penetrates the passive Prior with his fingers, which Prior interprets as an intermingling of medical and sexual authority. For Prior, the line between clinical and sexual authority blurs. Later, in the baths, Priors command authority over his naked men mixes with his desire to exercise sexual authority. Third and finally, the doctor infantilizes his patient, spurring ghostly memories of childhood sexual abuse. As steeped as this scene is in sexual innuendo, this is just the beginning; Barkers booker is overripe with sexual subtexts and FoucaultianShow MoreRelatedMarriage Is A Sacred Action, And The Bondage Between Individuals Essay1538 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhich one individual has multipl e spouses at the same timeÃ¢â¬ (Cultural Anthropology, 207). Polygamy is mostly practiced in Asia and African. Polygamy has become better known through media, such as the television show Ã¢â¬Å"Sister Wives.Ã¢â¬ Polygamy, like same-sex marriage, has encountered problems. According to Peter Nash Swisher, in his article Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËI Now Pronounce You Husband and WivesÃ¢â¬â¢: The Case for Polygamous Marriage after United States v. Windsor and Burwell v. Hobby Lobby StoresÃ¢â¬ he concluded, Ã¢â¬Å"polygamousRead More Augustan Poetic Tradition Essay4394 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagesthe poetic revolution is long over, and unrhymed, unmetered verseÃ¢â¬âfree verseÃ¢â¬âhas for the better part of the last century been the norm, one is justified in asking why a serious contemporary poet would be attracted to formal strains that lost their dominance some time around December 1910. To answer this question I propose to focus on one of my favorite Heaney poems, The Outlaw, from Door into the Dark (1969). The poem is written in that most untwentieth-century of verse forms, the heroic coupletRead MoreThe White Man s Burden10652 Words Ã |Ã 43 Pagesfrom an Orient destined to bear its foreignness as a mark of its permanent estrangement from the West. (Said, 2003:244) The novel is pregnant with insinuations of colonial oppression and violence, which come in different forms to achieve political dominance. Said believes in what I call the Ã¢â¬Ëconspiracy of literature against the OrientÃ¢â¬â¢ insisting that literature is not politically innocent. Mohammad Ayub Jajja in Ã¢â¬Å"A Passage to India: The Colonial Discourse and the Representation of India and IndiansRead MoreSample Resume : The Cambridge Companion 10581 Words Ã |Ã 43 Pagesfrom an Orient destined to bear its foreignness as a mark of its permanent estrangement from the West. (Said, 2003:244) The novel is pregnant with insinuations of colonial oppression and violence, which come in different forms to achieve dominance. This dominance is gained through using its tools both physically and psychologically which is crystallised in imprisonment and corporeal torture against the Indians. According to Hannah ArendtÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of power, violence is the starting point of the brutalRead MoreEssay on Like water for chocolate6961 Words Ã |Ã 28 Pagesinvestigate how a literary work either tends to serve or to challenge a patriarchal (male dominated) view of society. They maintain that literature should be analyzed with the goal of explaining how the text exemplifies or reveals important insights about sex roles and societyÃ¢â¬â¢s structure. They point out that the traditional Ã¢â¬Å"canonÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â those works long deemed to be the best that has been thought and said in human culture Ã¢â¬â tend to define females as Ã¢â¬Å"other,Ã¢â¬ or as an object, compared to the maleÃ¢â¬â¢s privilegedRead MoreA Passage Of India And The Relations Of Power10531 Words Ã |Ã 43 Pagesfrom an Orient destined to bear its foreignness as a mark of its permanent estrangement from the West. (Said, 2003:244) The novel is pregnant with insinuations of colonial oppression and violence, which come in different forms to achieve dominance. This dominance is gained through using its tools both physically and psychologically which is crystallised in imprisonment and corporeal torture against the Indians. According to Hannah ArendtÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of power, violence is the starting point of the brutalRead More Pocahontas and the Mythical Indian Woman Essay5406 Words Ã |Ã 22 Pagesand fell away from us in a circle, pinning beneath their branches the roaring men, the horses . . . Then the wind settled, curled back into the clouds, moved on, and we were left standing together in a landscape level to the lake and to the road. (Erdrich 223) The loggers, left in a state of shock and pinned under trees, surround the clearing of Fleurs home where she stands viewing the destruction she coordinated. Yet Fleurs response to the loggers taking her land keeps her from beingRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 Pagesways. On the one hand, the war set in motion transformative processes that were clearly major departures from those that defined the nineteenth-century world order. On the other, it perversely unleashed forces that would undermine Western world dominance and greatly constrict the forces advancing globalization, both of which can be seen as hallmarks of the opening decades of the twentieth century. This intermingling of the forces and processes that were arguably essential components 2 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Read MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words Ã |Ã 658 PagesECS8C_C01.qxd 22/10/2007 11:54 Page 603 A GUIDE TO THE CLASSIC CASES ON THE COMPANION WEBSITE 603 CASE Coors Ã¢â¬â an American brewer moves into the UK market. Barclaycard Ã¢â¬â a market leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s strategic options for maintaining market dominance. GSK Ã¢â¬â the wisdom of mergers for a global pharmaceutical giant. Brewery Group Denmark Ã¢â¬â how a small player survives in a globalising market. ST Electronics Ã¢â¬â total quality management for business excellence. Sony (A) Ã¢â¬â a diverse hi-tech multinationalRead MoreCrossing the Chasm76808 Words Ã |Ã 308 Pagesits index brings to mind the medieval lament, Ã¢â¬Å"Where are the snows of yesteryear?Ã¢â¬ Where indeed are Aldus, Apollo, Ashton-Tate, Ask, Burroughs, Businessland, and the Byte Shop? Where are Wang, Weitek, and Zilog? Ã¢â¬Å"Oh lost and by the wind-grieved ghosts, come back again!Ã¢â¬ But we should not despair. In high tech, the good news is that, although we lose our companies with alarming frequency, we keep the people along with the ideas, and so the industry as a whole goes forward vibrantly, even as
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Germany was ready to do everything they could in their power to make the Jewish population hated. They filled televised shows with hateful non-humanlike cartoons, put up disgusting paintings all over, and talked bad about the JewÃ¢â¬â¢s on the radio. They also started teaching young children along with teenagers in Germany that Jewish people were not to be trusted stating that they were disgusting people so that the younger GermanÃ¢â¬â¢s would grow up with hatred for the JewÃ¢â¬â¢s. Germany was willing to do everything they possibly could for all Germans to have hate along with despise for the JewÃ¢â¬â¢s. The propaganda campaign was started and became very successful, it encouraged passivity and hate for the Jewish population. Scapegoating was caused as the Jewish population was being blamed and receiving negative treatment after being singled out by Germany. They were being singled out by being called out by the NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s, for example they labeled Jews as Ã¢â¬Å"apes and pigs of a subhuman race who will hide behind stones and trees.Ã¢â¬ (Grossman, Page 3). Negative accusations of the Jewish population were being made daily, some which included Ã¢â¬Å"they are rich and money sticks to their fingers or parasites, capitalist exploiters and shy away from productive workÃ¢â¬ ( Karady,PG 302). The believed reason for all of the scapegoating was because Germany was being reminded of the Jewish subversion and foreign enemies. Scapegoating was the reason the propaganda campaign was formed for the JewÃ¢â¬â¢s. There were manyShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Jews On Jewish Population During The Nazi Regime1119 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe Final Solution of the Nazis concerning the Jews. On January 20th 1942, 15 leading officials of the Nazi state met at a villa in Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin, to discuss the Ã¢â¬Å"Final solution of the Jewish QuestionÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"The Final Solution,Ã¢â¬ 2015). They used the term Ã¢â¬Å"Final SolutionÃ¢â¬ to refer to their plan to annihilate the Jewish people. It is not known when the leaders of Nazi Germany definitively decided to implement their plan to eradicate the JewsÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"United States Holocaust Memorial Museum,Ã¢â¬ 2015)Read MoreAnti Semitism And The Jewish Population1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand scapegoating have served as the roots of Jewish discrimination around the world. Universally known as anti-Semitism, hostility and prejudice to the Jewish population has been evident even in a modern, ethnically diverse society. In many ca ses, Jews have been singled out because of their different religious beliefs and traditions. Several incidents involving anti-Semitism have occurred worldwide, illustrating widespread discrimination against the Jewish people. Using an international survey to measureRead MoreThe Jewish Community1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages For many members of the Jewish community, the nature of their identity has been a question that has shaped their position in the modern world. Does the term Jew only consider a group of religious followers? Or does the classification of Jew have much broader nationalistic implications? The Jews of the Habsburg Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries, and more specifically in the crown land of Galicia, began to reexamine their political identities. As German Liberalism grew in popularity someRead MoreThe Expansion Of The Jewish Population868 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBefore World War II there had been Jews living in Eastern Europe since before the Medieval Ages. It seems as if the Jewish population had grown accustom to their ever changing role in society, based off of who was in power and in what area they lived. There had always been persecution towards Jews based off of their religious practices, which seemed foreign to their neighbors all across Eastern Europe. Despite the consi stent religious persecution Jews found ways to assimilate into their new surroundingsRead MoreAnti Semitism By Jacob Von Konigshofen1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSince the beginning of Jewish history, there has always been an underlying feeling of anti-Semitism. The most well-known acts of anti-Semitism was the atrocities of the 20th century obliteration of the Jewish population within Nazi Germany. While this is the most commercialized, it certainly was not the first and only acts of anti-Semitism. From the sack of Jerusalem to the Crusades and later HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Final Solution, anti-Semitism has been a far reaching and invasive opinion of the masses. The Ã¢â¬Å"CremationRead MoreThe Nazi Occupation of Holland977 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfateful for the Jews of the Netherlands. During 1940, the German occupation officials forbid Jews from the civil-service and required Jews to register the assets of their business. In January of 1941, the German auth- orities required all Jews to register themselves as Jews. 159,8 06 people registered themselves as Jews, including 19,561 born of mixed marriages. As of April 29, 1942, Jews were required to wear a yellow Star of David on their clothing. Deportations of Jews from the NetherlandsRead More Examine the practical and the morale constraints upon Jewish Resistance during the Holocaust.1659 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Jewish resistance throughout the holocaust has caused much debate among academics historians, and even governments. Historians conclude that resistance was practical and morally constrained throughout the Second World War, for a variety of reasons. Historians such as Rab Bennett, Michael Marrus, Richard L Rubenstein, and John K Roth all have written in detail about the constraints placed upon Jewish resistance throughout this period. Each of these explanations will be examined throughout this paperRead More Jewish Population of Victorian England Essay856 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Jewish Population of Victorian England HISTORY The Jews had their roots in Eastern Europe but were also scattered in western European countries such as England. The Jewish population has been historically scapegoated since the time of the medieval Church. Stereotypes have been formed of the people practicing this religion for hundreds of years in England and elsewhere on the Continent. The timeline shows the progression of the population in England and the strides they have made over aRead MoreQweqweqwe111052 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAfter the arrival of postwar refugees in the 1940s, Jewish migration increased to record numbers between 1940 and 1969. T F 2. Most of the 17th century Jewish immigrants were small farmers from Germany and Poland. T F 3. Declining economic conditions in central Europe contributed to a dramatic increase in Jewish immigration to the U.S. after 1820. T F 4. During the 1920s and 1930s millions of Jews entered the U.S. fleeing the persecution in Read MoreThe Jewish Community1104 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Jewish community is Kalisz, Poland, was heralded as both the oldest Jewish community and the most populous, numbering at 15,300 Jews in 1939, or 30% of the total Jewish population worldwide. As a result of the Second World War, this no community no longer exists (Ã¢â¬Å"Jewish CommunityÃ¢â¬ ). The catastrophic affects of the Holocaust and this war on the Jewish community is virtually uncontested today, however the exact toll it had is difficult to ascertain; exact statistics of the camps and of the exoduses
Friday, December 13, 2019
July 1, 2012 M L HD 351/551 Assignment#5 Book reflection: Ã¢â¬Å"Resolving conflicts at workÃ¢â¬ Reading some of Ã¢â¬Å"The ten strategies for everyone on the jobÃ¢â¬ , one that I found very important was, Ã¢â¬Å"Why people engage in difficult behaviorÃ¢â¬ , is because, sometimes we judge people by their difficult behavior, and we do not take the time to ask Ã¢â¬Å"WhyÃ¢â¬ they behave that way. For us could seems (senseless) or irrational to us, we ought to find out why they behave that way. Every time we ask an honest, emphatic question Ã¢â¬Å"WhyÃ¢â¬ , we ask may lead to a more accurate description of the reasons they chose to engage in difficult behaviors. We will write a custom essay sample on Observing a Preschool Classroom Bicultural or any similar topic only for you Order Now Every accurate description of those behaviors can help us to develop a strategy for stopping or discouraging them. One story in the reading is about a group of employees learned this lesson when they asked the question Ã¢â¬Å"WhyÃ¢â¬ one person refused to go along with the consensus and adamantly refuse to accept the design favored by the rest of the group. HerÃ¢â¬ difficult behaviorÃ¢â¬ created considerable conflict and criticism, but she held firm, seeming to enjoy the conflict and smiling as she stood her ground. By asking Ã¢â¬Å"WhyÃ¢â¬ and other open-ended questions, they discovered that her real issue had nothing to do with her design of the coordinating committee, but concerned her work team where she had been unsuccessful in raising or solving the problem. Another important point that I read was, that sometimes family or co-workers engage in difficult behavior because they have family problems at home. One example, I recall when I was supervising this person with a difficult behavior, I found out she was having personal problems, I never asked the question Ã¢â¬Å"whyÃ¢â¬ . Perhaps if I would have the knowledge of this book Ã¢â¬Å"Resolving conflicts at workÃ¢â¬ , it could be easier for me to work with this person. What the author want us to believe is to understand better, why people behave that way, never to blame them for their difficult personally. Moreover, not regarding their negative behavior, but honestly calling attention to the difficulties it creates for us. One of the patterns I have discovered in the reading was that we would find people with this kind of difficult behavior in our job, co-workers and our own families; I read that difficult behaviors start in the family. Some of these difficult behaviors probably began long before we entered in their lives. Another important point in Ã¢â¬Å" The ten strategiesÃ¢â¬ talks about some difficult behaviors people have since childhood, they follow a pattern because no one resolved their conflicts before. Resolving conflicts at workÃ¢â¬ strategy 7 we also learned how to understand people with difficult behaviors, bust also talks about methods for changing difficult behaviors. By focusing on the behaviors of the others, offering empathetic feedback, ceasing to reward their behaviors, and searching for collaborative solutions, it is possible for us to shift from feeling hopeless in our conflicts to being strategic about them. The follow methods can help us to become more strategic in our re sponse to difficult behaviors. They developed these methods to support the staff of a large U. S. government agency in changing their focus defining their problems as difficult people and personalities to identifying the chronic behavioral problems within the organization and developing the skills, they needed to address them. These are only a few of the methods. * Surfacing the conflict: They began by interviewing the staff about their experiences with conflicts in the work place. Summarized the main issues and distributed their comments to everyone without censoring or watering them down. They make a list of all the problems that needed to be solved and placed them on the table for discussion, negotiation, and problem solving. * Conflict coaching: It talks about coaching the leadership team in the organization on how best to respond to conflicts and the difficult behaviors that created them, how to model openness to criticism, how to be strategic by not rewarding them, and how to reward honest, empathetic communications instead. Teamwork: By having a group conflict resolution session, they assigned everyone to random teams and asked them to read the comments from the interviews. I believed in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive workplace, your ability to communicate is the most important business skill. After reading this book, Ã¢â¬Å"Resolving conflicts at workÃ¢â¬ , I am planning to use these strategies when I need to resolve a conflict at work. One of my question s is Ã¢â¬Å"How can we resolve our conflicts with our own brothers and sistersÃ¢â¬ . How to cite Observing a Preschool Classroom Bicultural, Essay examples
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Question: Discuss About The Conceptual Framework Innovation Performance? Answer: Introduction Leadership is the most important part of any organization which determines its success or failure. In the more globalized world the leaders need to be highly competent in handling cultural diversity. CQ or cultural quotient is the ability to work across cultural platforms dealing with people from various cultural backgrounds (Alon 2016). The Hofstede cultural model has been helpful in determining cultural nature of different countries and organizations. The leaders need to find out their own cultural quotient in order to understand the areas where he or she is competent enough to deal with cultural diversity and to understand the areas of weakness in which he or she needs to work (Overall 2015). In this paper my cultural intelligence has been diagnosed and the challenges I will face has been analyzed in the light of my cultural intelligence. My Power Distance Analysis My power distance score is 19 which reflect my view that the higher authority is rightfully in a position which must earn them respect. However, this does not mean that I see my subordinates as unequal people, rather this means that I believe in a system that is hierarchical and systematic. The power should flow from top to bottom in a systematic way and no one should take advantage of their position. A person who is working below is equal in terms of rights and benefits, but the responsibilities delegated to that person should be lower than that of the people who are sitting in the authority. My Hierarchical Analysis The hierarchical score is 20 which reflects my attitude about minimizing the inequalities in the society. People from different cultural backgrounds should be treated equally and the distinction should be made in terms of responsibilities and not in terms of background. In classes I give more importance in informal dialogue and interaction while reducing the formal distance and mental barrier between the teacher and the student. The world is fast moving towards becoming a global village and more importance is gradually given on ideation and innovation rather than position and authority. In the organizational perspective this will help me in establishing a work environment which is diverse and where equality is given maximum interest. The employees can easily voice their opinion and discuss about organizational decisions. My Preference Between Collectivism Or Individualism In the cultural model developed by Hofstede there are two quotients in this regard, the culture or the individuals who give importance in collective responsibility and collective rights as a society, and the cultures which give importance to the individual rights and culture (Block and Walter 2017). The test revealed that I tend to support the idea of individualism and more driven to the welfare of my own and my family rather than a collective social development. The collective cultures are those that believe in sacrificing individual rights and desires in the benefit of the rest of the society. I believe that social welfare is important but can only be assured when I take care of my own welfare. In terms of an organization this will help me in asserting my own and my employees individual rights and desires and working towards fulfillment of individual aspirations of my employees (Ferrell and Fraedrich 2015). My Leaning Towards Feminism Or Masculanism In the cultural analysis Feminism denotes the aspect that an individual is more of an emotionally directed person who takes decision based on kindness and emotion rather than strict logic. My results indicate my leanings towards the masculine factor in which logic and reasoning is more important and competitiveness to be ahead of others is a part of daily life. In regards to my organization this will help me in establishing a competitive work culture and decisions in the betterment of the company will be taken logically. Logical decision making is better for economic institutions to avoid any kind of financial losses. My Uncertainty Acceptance It has been often described how taking risky decisions and uncertain steps may lead to huge profits, but I have seen in many cases where such actions lead to losses of large scale. Therefore, rather than taking high risk decisions I tend to make proper rules and regulations and follow those to establish a stable and gradually growing business. Risk must be taken at occasions where it is necessary, but I believe taking risk just for the sake of it would result in adverse situations. My Orientation Preference In Long Or Short Term I give importance to both traditions to fulfill my responsibilities in the culture in which I was born, and indulgence to enjoy life when the time is right. I generally avoid extremes and tend to take a path that balances all the perspectives. Obligations are important even in organizations to fulfill organizational objectives. I will establish a work culture that will shape the employees in a way that they will perform their responsibilities in the optimum way and then they can enjoy life in leisure time in the way they want. I believe in actions which gives quick results. Conclusion The cultural quotient analysis of a person reflects the nature of a person and how he or she views life. The cultural quotient is important in shaping the leadership style that a person follows when given a position of responsibility. In the age of globalization, digitization and fast paced working style, leaders need to balance their cultural point of view and work in a way that accommodates all the different and diverse nature of people that work in an organization. The above analysis shows that I give importance on hierarchy and believe that responsibility should be delegated according to the position of an employee. I believe in establishing equality and prefer a diverse work culture rather than a homogeneous one. I take logical decisions and give importance to a competitive work culture. In terms of respecting traditions and obligations I am firm but I also believe in enjoying life as a bottom-line. I do not take very uncertain and risky decisions rather I believe in the theory of slow but steady wins the race. References Alon, I., Boulanger, M., Meyers, J. and Taras, V., 2016. The development and validation of the Business Cultural Intelligence Quotient.Cross Cultural Strategic Management,23(1), pp.78-100. Block, J.H. and Walter, S.G., 2017. 2. Hofstedes cultural dimensions and modes of entry into entrepreneurship.Exploring the Entrepreneurial Society: Institutions, Behaviors and Outcomes, p.22. Ferrell, O.C. and Fraedrich, J., 2015.Business ethics: Ethical decision making cases. Nelson Education. Overall, J., 2015. A conceptual framework of innovation and performance: The importance of leadership, relationship quality, and knowledge management.Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal,21(2), p.41.